; Adam Bello, County Executive

Lead Poisoning Prevention

Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Picture of lead level in paint being determined by an XRF device.

Phone: 585 753-5087
Fax: 585 753-5025

  • Maintains a database registry of more than 90,000 children who have been tested for elevated blood lead levels throughout Monroe County that includes all medical and environmental management information on each child.
  • Provides medical case management and educational outreach to families for all children with blood lead levels >= 5 µg/dl (micrograms per deciliter).
  • Conducts environmental investigations of primary and secondary residences of children with venous lead levels >= 5 µg/dl.  Investigations include a full educational intervention as well as the identification of conditions conducive to lead poisoning (lead hazards), issuance of a Notice and Demand to the property owner to eliminate the hazards by a specified time-frame, and reinvestigation to verify compliance. Each unit must also pass a “Lead Dust Clearance.” The Lead Program enforces the NYS Sanitary Code Part 67-2, the Monroe County Sanitary Code and Public Health Law relating to lead hazards.
  • The Notice and Demand requires all persons conducting Lead Hazard Control work to be EPA certified renovators.  See below for more information regarding Lead Renovator training.
  • Provides community-wide education on lead poisoning issues to the general public, health professionals, property owners, painting contractors, parent groups, etc. This is provided in the form of formal presentations, informational kiosks throughout Monroe County, distribution of informational brochures, Health Fairs, Home Shows and Exhibitions.
  • Responds to complaints of improper/unsafe lead hazard control activities and issues Cease and Desist Orders to stop unsafe practices, order cleanup of lead contamination, and assures that cleanup is performed properly.

Other Sources of Lead Exposure

While Lead based paint, dust and soil remain the greatest exposure source of lead to the children in our community, other materials containing lead are readily available and may also contribute to lead exposures in children and adults. Such sources include toys, food/spices, medicines and cosmetics. See the following New York State Department of Health web link for surveillance and recall information on a variety products known or assumed to contain lead.

Lead Testing for Residential Drinking Water

New York State has begun a pilot program for residents to have the drinking water in their home tested for lead at no cost. While public water supplies are routinely tested, there is no way for a homeowner to easily know if any of the plumbing fixtures in their home might be leaching lead into the water. Private wells are not routinely tested, so having such information is perhaps even more useful. This program will operate until the pilot funds are exhausted. Click here to learn more about this new program.

Picture of chipping paint

Lead Training (FREE)

Common renovation activities like sanding, cutting, and demolition can create hazardous lead dust and chips by disturbing lead-based paint. This grant funds Free Lead Skills Training. Training is provided by Cornell University – Industrial Labor Relations.

Lead Remodeler Renovator Initial 8-Hour Training*

To become a certified renovator, an individual must successfully complete an 8-hour initial renovator training course and pass the hands-on skills assessment and exam.

Training is FREE and open to the general public. Seating is limited but pre-registration is required (see below).

*As of April 2010, federal law requires contractors to become EPA Lead Certified Renovators. The new Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting rule (LRRP) affects anyone who is paid to perform work that disturbs paint in housing and child-occupied facilities built before 1978.  This includes: residential rental property owners/managers, general contractors, maintenance personnel and trade contractors, including: HVAC, painters, plumbers, carpenters and electricians. Link to EPA for detailed information on new Federal Lead Rules for Contractors

Additional information is available at Cornell University's website:


For additional information on Lead training opportunities see the City of Rochester's website.

EPA Disclosure Information for Property Owners, Renters and Renovators

Cover of the Protect Your Family From Lead In Your Home brochure.

Two federal laws regarding notification and disclosure of lead information may affect you before you sell or remodel your property:


    Effective December 1996, as per Section 1018 of the Residential Lead Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992, sellers and landlords must disclose information on known lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards in residential housing, and provide any available reports to prospective buyers or renters. In addition, sellers and landlords must give buyers and renters the pamphlet entitled “Protect Your Family from Lead in your Home” and keep a record of such distribution. All real estate closings should include a disclosure form as part of the transaction.

    Cover to EPA document Renovate Right
    Effective December 2008, as per 40 CFR Part 745 Lead; Renovation, Repair and Painting Program and Section 406(b) of the Toxic Substance Control Act, Title IV- Lead Exposure Reduction, renovators and remodelers working for compensation, are required to distribute the pamphlet “Renovate Right” to owners and occupants of most residential housing built before 1978 before commencing renovation activity. Minor housing repairs, maintenance, and emergency repairs are excluded from this notification requirement.

    Effective April 22, 2010 renovators, remodelers and trades that disturb paint on housing built before 1978 are to work under an EPA Lead-Safe Certified Firm.  The Lead-Safe Certified Firm is to provide an EPA Certified Renovator for various stages of work.  The Certified Renovator is responsible for the on the job training of other workers.

   Additional Local Requirements

          NYS Sanitary Code, Lead Poisoning Prevention and Control,  Part 67: 


           NYS Public Health Law, Title X, Control of Lead Poisoning, Section 1370: 


           Monroe County Sanitary Code, Article IV, Habitable Buildings: 


Informational Links

Helpful Documents

Educational Materials on Lead Poisoning in Other Languages

The New York State Department of Health has translated a number of materials into other languages. Click here to view a list.

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